Undisturbed waveform modiﬁcation during operation is based on the incorporation of two memory sets. When the data from one memory set are used for the waveform synthesis, the other memory set can be freely updated. After successful updating, the memory sets are interchanged (swapped) immediately after completing the generation of the old waveform.
It is, thus, possible to consider the waveform generator as consisting of two, fairly independent, parts: a microprocessor system associated with one memory set and a hardware- controlled waveform-synthesis circuitry (Figure 1). Here, the second memory set is scanned by an address counter at a rate deﬁned by the timing module. Obtained data are then transformed into a corresponding voltage level by a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) and a series of operational ampliﬁers.
Waveforms are not synthesized from equidistant points. Instead, there is a 15-bit width data associated with each individual pulse number. In other words - each time slot can have individual width.